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Penajam Paser Utara is inhabited by the Paser Dayak community, transmigrants from Central Java, and oil palm plantation workers
Penajam Paser Utara is inhabited by the Paser Dayak community, transmigrants from Central Java, and oil palm plantation workers
DAILYNEWS The  indigenous people of Dayak Paser in Penajam Paser Utara Regency (PPU), worried that the land they have lived in for generations will be displaced by a new capital city that is targeted to accommodate 1.5 million people.  
There are at least four villages of the Dayak Paser traditional community in the area designated by President Joko Widodo as the center of the new government.
There are also 13 traditional territories around the new capital city which will be based in the Sepaku District, PPU; and Samboja District, Kutai Kertanegara, referring to the mapping of the Nusantara Indigenous Peoples Alliance.
But the government denies it is going to displace indigenous territories. They promised to include the interests of the Dayak Paser people in the big plan to move the capital city.
Sabukdin's tone of voice was not excited when discussing the discourse of the new capital. The Head of Indigenous Paser in Sepaku admitted that he had harbored antipathy to various programs titled development and the economy.
The new capital, according to Sabukdin, will not be different from the conversion of forests for oil palm plantations and wood processing.
This means, he said, the Paser Dayak residents have the potential to lose the forest which is their source of livelihood, from food, shelter, to offerings for traditional sacred rituals.
"I am concerned that the capital city will be moved here, unless the government guarantees that our customs, sites and rights are not extinct," Sabukdin told BBC News Indonesia, Thursday (07/09).
"We want our area to be crowded, but that does not mean we are suffering, just watching."
"Newcomers are already living on our land, we do not enjoy prosperity, remain destitute and can be more destitute if the capital is here," he said.
Four villages in the prospective new capital city inhabited by Dayak Paser indigenous people are the villages of Sepaku, Semoi Dua, Maridan, and Mentawir. Sepaku and Mentawir are called Sabukdin as the oldest villages inhabited by their indigenous communities.
Sabukdin said, for years land disputes had occurred in their traditional villages. The reason is the mutual claim of customary land, transmigration and oil palm.
The land that he claimed was owned for generations has become increasingly narrow and surrounded by transmigration villages and land labeled with rights of use (HGU).
The majority of Pasak Dayak residents currently earn a living by selling garden products, such as pineapple, eggplant, and chillies.
A small number of them, especially young people, work as heavy machinery operators in oil palm companies.
"In the past we could search for game animals, honey, rattan, shingles, resin. The forest is our place of life. Now everything is gone because the forest has been cleared," said Sabukdin.
At least there are three oil palm corporation corporations in PPU Regency that are crossing each other with the Dayak Paser village, namely PT ITCI Hutani Manunggal, PT ITCI Kartika Utama, and PT Waru Kaltim Plantation.
Meanwhile, opening up 30 thousand hectares of transmigration land in Sepaku.
"Our land was taken when there were graves of our ancestors. Especially if the central government will come later."
"We ask for official protection so that our rights are not taken for granted," Sabukdin said.
A facilitator of the Dayak Paser indigenous people, Syukran Amin, said that bad luck had befallen the local community.
However, said Syukran, the opposition of Dayak Paser over the narrowing of their ancestral lands never resonated to the national level.
"There is a conflict but it did not stick out in the mass media, because there was indeed no massive movement or assistance for them," he said.
From the archives, demonstrations to the demands of the Dayak Paser community to defend their land occurred at least in 2011 and 2013. The event was published in the local mass media: Suara Borneo and Kaltim Newspapers.
However, the release of customary land was not opposed by all Dayak Paser residents. Rijal Effendy, a rubber planter customary community, said his group would not be helpless in rejecting government programs.
Rijal claimed that his land was willing to be annexed in the public interest, but with compensation in the win-win process for the parties.
Certain group
Weak land law mastery among Dayak Paser residents is called Rijal prone to being used by certain groups.
"Brokers buy and sell land without the knowledge of traditional institutions. Cukong bring thugs," said Rijal.
"I hope that customary institutions are involved to avoid differences of understanding, because not many people know the ins and outs of land."
The question now is, how is the government's commitment to the Dayak Paser residents?
Article 67 paragraph 2 of forestry regulation number 41 of 1999 states, the recognition of indigenous and tribal peoples is determined through regional regulations.
The regulation made by the regional head is one of the conditions for the determination of customary forests by the minister of environment and forestry.
North Penajam Paser Regent, Abdul Gafur Mas`ud, claimed he would protect the area inhabited by Dayak Paser residents. But he did not mention that commitment would be ratified in black and white.
"We will protect the forest, but which forest first, we will look at a map. There must not be a person who says customary forest, but only brings personal interests," he told BBC News Indonesia.
"Do not let anyone claim, it turns out that someone else's land or state property," said Abdul.
Abdul claimed, in the near future he will build an urban forest to facilitate the livelihoods of Dayak Paser residents.
"Urban forests will become customary land. Urban forests are very useful especially here there are Bajaka roots that can be free medical treatment," he said.
Bappenas said the new capitals in Sepaku and Samboja would be 180 thousand hectares. Land of 2000-5000 hectares is projected to become the core of the city.
Bappenas Deputy for Regional Development, Rudy Prawiradinata, claims that the majority of the new capital's land is state-owned and there will be no problems with any party.
"The 180 thousand hectares of land are mostly state land, some of which have other areas of use status. That also turns out there is no certificate," said Rudy.
Even though the Pasak Dayak people later claimed that part of the new capital's land was their customary territory, Rudy said the government would not close their eyes and ears.
"We are committed to protected forests. Bukit Soeharto will be restored to its function because its use is incorrect, especially those belonging to the community.
"We will restore the forest function. We will protect the local community as well," Rudy said.
Referring to the news, Jokowi said the government would sell some of the land in the new capital to the public. The area of ​​30 thousand hectares in the center of the new government, said Jokowi, will become a settlement.
Bappenas is currently designing a master plan for the construction of a new capital city in Penajam Paser Utara and Kutai Kertanegara. The document is targeted for completion in 2020.
The new capital city is claimed to be built in stages over the next 10 years, as well as the removal of around 900 thousand employees of the central government agency and their families.
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